Every person is unique and dementia affects people differently- no two people will have symptoms that develop in exactly the same way. An individual’s personality, general health and social situation are all important factors in determining the impact of dementia on him or her.
The common symptoms of dementia are:
- Memory loss– declining memory, especially short term memory, is the most common early symptom on dementia. For example, they may briefly forget their next-door neighbour’s name but they still know the person they are talking to is their next-door neighbour.
- Difficulty performing familiar tasks– People with dementia often find it hard to complete everyday tasks that are so familiar we usually do not think about how to do them. A person with dementia may not know in what order to put clothes on or the steps for preparing a slice of toast.
- Problems with language– Occasionally everyone has trouble finding the right word but a person with dementia often forgets simple words or substitute’s unusual words, making speech or writing hard to understand.
- Disorientation to time and place– We sometimes forget the day of the week or where we are going but people with dementia can become lost in familiar places such as the road they live in, forget where they are or how they got there, and not know how to get back home. A person with dementia may also confuse night and day.
- Poor or decreased judgement– People with dementia may dress inappropriately, wearing several layers of clothes on a warm day or very few on a cold day.
- Problems with keeping track of things– A person with dementia may find it difficult to follow a conversation of keep up with paying their bills.
- Misplacing things– Anyone can temporarily misplace his or her wallet or keys. A person with dementia may put things I unusual places such as an iron in the fridge or a wristwatch in the sugar bowl.
- Changes in mood or behaviour– Everyone can become sad or moody from time to time. A person with dementia may become unusually emotional and experience rapid mood swings for no apparent reason.
- Changes in personality– A Person with dementia may seem different from his or her usual self in ways that are difficult to pinpoint. A person may become suspicious, irritable, depressed, apathetic or anxious
- Loss of initiative– At times everyone can become tired of housework, business activities or social obligations. However a person with dementia may become very passive, sitting in front of the television for hours or sleeping more than usual.
Broomfield care support various individuals living in Gloucester, quite often on our first meet with any family with undiagnosed dementia we offer this fact sheet to determine if further diagnosis of a loved one should be pursued, which is normally a memory test taken at any GP practice